Output Results

Some maps of the electricity transmission network and the energy share of different technologies is plotted.

_images/oT_Map_Network_sSEP.png _images/oT_Plot_MapNetwork_ES2030.png _images/oT_Plot_MapNetwork_ES2030_CI.png _images/oT_Map_Network_MAF2030.png _images/oT_Map_Network_TF2030.png _images/oT_Plot_TechnologyEnergy_ES_MAF2030.png _images/oT_Plot_TechnologyOutput_2030_sc01_9n.png _images/oT_Plot_TechnologyOutput_2030_sc01_MAF.png _images/oT_Plot_MapNetwork_NG2030.png

Some other additional plots are also plotted by the model. The CSV files used for outputting the results are briefly described in the following items.

The power is expressed in MW, energy or heat in GWh, and costs in M€. Hydrogen is expressed in tH2. Reservoir volume is expressed in hm3, and water flow in hm3/s. The energy transported in the electricity network is expressed in GWh-Mkm.

Investment/Retirement

File oT_Result_GenerationInvestment.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Generator

MW

Generation investment power

File oT_Result_GenerationInvestmentPerUnit.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Generator

MW

Generation investment power

File oT_Result_GenerationRetirement.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Generator

MW

Generation retirement power

File oT_Result_TechnologyInvestment.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Generator

MW

Technology investment power

File oT_Result_TechnologyInvestmentCost.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Generator

M€

Technology investment cost

File oT_Result_TechnologyInvestmentCostPerMW.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Generator

M€/MW

Technology investment cost per MW

File oT_Result_TechnologyRetirement.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Generator

MW

Technology retirement power

File oT_Result_NetworkInvestment.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Initial node

Final node

Circuit

p.u.

Electricity network investment decision

File oT_Result_NetworkInvestment_MWkm.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Initial node

Final node

Circuit

MW-km

Electricity network investment

File oT_Result_ReserveMarginPower.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

GW

Reserve margin

File oT_Result_ReserveMarginPerUnit.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

p.u.

Per unit reserve margin

File oT_Result_LargestUnitPerUnit.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

p.u.

Per unit largest unit

Electricity generation operation

File oT_Result_GenerationCommitment.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Commitment decision [p.u.]

File oT_Result_GenerationStartUp.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Startup decision [p.u.]

File oT_Result_GenerationShutDown.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Shutdown decision [p.u.]

File oT_Result_GenerationReserveUp.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Upward operating reserve of each generator [MW]

File oT_Result_GenerationReserveDown.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Downward operating reserve of each generator [MW]

File oT_Result_Generation.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Output (discharge in ESS) [MW]

File oT_Result_NetDemand.csv

VRES are the variable renewable energy sources (e.g., wind and solar). Units with null linear variable cost and no storage capacity. Do not contribute to the the operating reserves. The net demand is the demand minus the VRES.

Identifier

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Net demand (demand - VRES) [MW]

File oT_Result_GenerationSurplus.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Power surplus [MW]

File oT_Result_GenerationRampUpSurplus.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Upward ramp surplus [MW]

File oT_Result_GenerationRampDwSurplus.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Downward ramp surplus [MW]

File oT_Result_GenerationCurtailmentOutput.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

VRES Generator

Curtailed power of VRES [MW]

File oT_Result_GenerationCurtailmentEnergy.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

VRES Generator

Curtailed energy of VRES [GWh]

File oT_Result_GenerationCurtailmentEnergyRelative.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

VRES Generator

Percentage of energy curtailed of VRES [%]

File oT_Result_GenerationEnergy.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Energy (discharge in ESS) [GWh]

File oT_Result_GenerationEmission.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

CO2 emission [MtCO2]

File oT_Result_GenerationIncrementalEmission.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Emission rate of the generators with power surplus, except the ESS [tCO2/MWh]

File oT_Result_TechnologyGeneration.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Output (discharge in ESS) [MW]

File oT_Result_TechnologyConsumption.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Consumption (charge in ESS) [MW]

File oT_Result_TechnologyGenerationEnergy.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Energy (discharge in ESS) [GWh]

File oT_Result_TechnologyGenerationEnergy_AreaName.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Energy (discharge in ESS) per area [GWh]

File oT_Result_TechnologyCurtailmentEnergy.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Curtailed energy of VRES [GWh]

File oT_Result_TechnologyCurtailmentEnergyRelative.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Percentage of energy curtailed of VRES [%]

File oT_Result_TechnologyEmission.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

CO2 emission [MtCO2]

File oT_Result_TechnologyEmission_AreaName.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

CO2 emission per area [MtCO2]

File oT_Result_TechnologyOperatingReserveUp.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Upward operating reserve [MW]

File oT_Result_TechnologyOperatingReserveDown.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Downward operating reserve [MW]

File oT_Result_TechnologySpillage.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Spilled energy [GWh]

File oT_Result_TechnologySpillageRelative.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Spilled energy in ESS wrt the energy inflows [%]

ESS operation

File oT_Result_Consumption.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Consumed/charged power in ESS [MW]

File oT_Result_ConsumptionEnergy.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Consumed/charged energy in ESS [GWh]

File oT_Result_ConsumptionReserveUp.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Upward operating reserve of each pump/charge [MW]

File oT_Result_ConsumptionReserveDown.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Downward operating reserve of each pump/charge [MW]

File oT_Result_GenerationOutflows.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Outflows power in ESS [MW]

File oT_Result_GenerationOutflowsEnergy.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Outflows energy in ESS [GWh]

File oT_Result_TechnologyConsumption.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Charged power in ESS [MW]

File oT_Result_TechnologyConsumptionEnergy.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Energy (charge in ESS) [GWh]

File oT_Result_TechnologyConsumptionEnergy_AreaName.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Energy (charge in ESS) per area [GWh]

File oT_Result_TechnologyOutflows.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Outflows power in ESS [MW]

File oT_Result_TechnologyOutflowsEnergy.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Energy (Outflows in ESS) [GWh]

File oT_Result_TechnologyOperatingReserveUpESS.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Upward operating reserve [MW]

File oT_Result_TechnologyOperatingReserveDownESS.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Downward operating reserve [MW]

File oT_Result_GenerationInventory.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Stored energy (SoC in batteries, reservoir energy in pumped-hydro storage power plants) [GWh]

File oT_Result_GenerationInventoryUtilization.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Utilization factor of the storage (SoC in batteries, reservoir energy in pumped-hydro storage power plants) [p.u.]

File oT_Result_GenerationSpillage.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Spilled energy in ESS [GWh]

File oT_Result_GenerationSpillageRelative.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Spilled energy in ESS wrt the energy inflows [%]

File oT_Result_SummaryGeneration.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Generation output (to be used as pivot table)

Reservoir operation

File oT_Result_ReservoirVolume.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Reservoir

Reservoir volume [hm3]

File oT_Result_ReservoirVolumeUtilization.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Reservoir

Utilization factor of the reservoir [p.u.]

File oT_Result_ReservoirSpillage.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Reservoir

Spilled water in reservoir [hm3]

File oT_Result_TechnologyReservoirSpillage.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Reservoir

Spilled water in reservoir by technology [hm3]

File oT_Result_MarginalWaterValue.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Reservoir

Water volume value [€/dam3]

Electricity balance

File oT_Result_BalanceEnergy.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Generation, consumption, flows, losses and demand [GWh]

File oT_Result_BalanceEnergyPerArea.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Area

Generation, consumption, flows, losses and demand [GWh]

File oT_Result_BalanceEnergyPerNode.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Node

Generation, consumption, flows, losses and demand [GWh]

File oT_Result_BalanceEnergyPerTech.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Area

Node

Technology

Generation, consumption, flows, losses and demand [GWh]

Electricity network operation

File oT_Result_NetworkCommitment.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Initial node

Final node

Circuit

Line commitment decision [p.u.]

File oT_Result_NetworkSwitchOn.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Initial node

Final node

Circuit

Line switch on decision [p.u.]

File oT_Result_NetworkSwitchOff.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Initial node

Final node

Circuit

Line switch off decision [p.u.]

File oT_Result_NetworkFlowPerNode.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Initial node

Final node

Circuit

Electric line flow [MW]

File oT_Result_NetworkEnergyPerArea.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Initial area

Final area

Area flow energy [GWh]

File oT_Result_NetworkEnergyTotalPerArea.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Initial area

Final area

Area flow energy [GWh]

File oT_Result_NetworkEnergyTransport.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Initial node

Final node

Circuit

Energy transported [GWh-Mkm]

File oT_Result_NetworkUtilization.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Initial node

Final node

Circuit

Line utilization (i.e., ratio between flow and capacity) [p.u.]

File oT_Result_NetworkLosses.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Initial node

Final node

Circuit

Line losses [MW]

File oT_Result_NetworkAngle.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Node

Voltage angle [rad]

File oT_Result_NetworkNetDemand.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Node

Electricity net demand (demand - VRES) [MW]

File oT_Result_NetworkPNS.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Node

Power not served by node [MW]

File oT_Result_NetworkENS.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Node

Energy not served by node [GWh]

File oT_Result_SummaryNetwork.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Initial node

Final node

Network output (to be used as pivot table)

Hydrogen balance and network operation

File oT_Result_BalanceHydrogen.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Generation, flows, and demand [tH2]

File oT_Result_BalanceHydrogenPerArea.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Area

Generation, flows, and demand [tH2]

File oT_Result_BalanceHydrogenPerNode.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Node

Generation, flows, and demand [tH2]

File oT_Result_BalanceHydrogenPerTech.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Area

Node

Technology

Generation, flows, and demand [tH2]

File oT_Result_NetworkFlowH2PerNode.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Initial node

Final node

Circuit

Hydrogen pipeline flow [tH2]

File oT_Result_NetworkHNS.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Node

Hydrogen not served by node [tH2]

Heat generation operation

File oT_Result_GenerationHeat.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Output (discharge in ESS) [MW]

File oT_Result_GenerationSurplusHeat.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Power surplus [MW]

File oT_Result_GenerationEnergyHeat.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Energy (discharge in ESS) [GWh]

File oT_Result_TechnologyGenerationHeat.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Output (discharge in ESS) [MW]

File oT_Result_TechnologyGenerationEnergyHeat.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Energy (discharge in ESS) [GWh]

File oT_Result_TechnologyGenerationEnergyHeat_AreaName.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Energy (discharge in ESS) per area [GWh]

Heat balance and network operation

File oT_Result_BalanceHeat.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Generation, flows, and demand [GWh]

File oT_Result_BalanceHeatPerArea.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Area

Generation, flows, and demand [GWh]

File oT_Result_BalanceHeatPerNode.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Node

Generation, flows, and demand [GWh]

File oT_Result_BalanceHeatPerTech.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Area

Node

Technology

Generation, flows, and demand [GWh]

File oT_Result_NetworkFlowHeatPerNode.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Initial node

Final node

Circuit

Heat pipe flow [MW]

File oT_Result_NetworkHTNS.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Node

Heat not served by node [MW]

Costs and revenues

File oT_Result_CostSummary.csv

Identifier

Description

Cost type

Type of cost [M€]

File oT_Result_CostSummary_AreaName.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Cost type

Area

Type of cost per area [M€]

File oT_Result_CostRecovery.csv

Identifier

Description

Cost type

Revenues and investment costs [M€]

File oT_Result_SummaryKPIs.csv

Identifier

Description

KPI

Several KPIs

File oT_Result_TechnologyLCOE.csv

Identifier

Description

Technology

Levelized Cost of Electricity (LCOE) [€/MWh]

File oT_Result_TechnologyLCOH.csv

Identifier

Description

Technology

Levelized Cost of Heating (LCOH) [€/MWh]

File oT_Result_GenerationCostOandM.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

O&M cost for the generation [M€]

File oT_Result_GenerationCostOperation.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Operation cost for the generation [M€]

File oT_Result_ConsumptionCostOperation.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Pump

Operation cost for the consumption [M€]

File oT_Result_GenerationCostOperatingReserve.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Operation reserve cost for the generation [M€]

File oT_Result_ConsumptionCostOperatingReserve.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Pump

Operation reserve cost for the consumption [M€]

File oT_Result_GenerationCostEmission.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Emission cost for the generation [M€]

File oT_Result_NetworkCostENS.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Node

Reliability cost (cost of the ENS and HNS) [M€]

File oT_Result_RevenueEnergyGeneration.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Operation revenues for the generation [M€]

File oT_Result_RevenueEnergyConsumption.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

ESS Generator

Operation revenues for the consumption/charge [M€]

File oT_Result_RevenueOperatingReserveUp.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Operation revenues from the upward operating reserve [M€]

File oT_Result_RevenueOperatingReserveUpESS.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

ESS Generator

Operation revenues from the upward operating reserve [M€]

File oT_Result_RevenueOperatingReserveDw.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Operation revenues from the downward operating reserve [M€]

File oT_Result_RevenueOperatingReserveDwESS.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

ESS Generator

Operation revenues from the downward operating reserve [M€]

Marginal information

File oT_Result_MarginalReserveMargin.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Area

Marginal of the minimum adequacy reserve margin [€/MW]

File oT_Result_MarginalEmission.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Area

Marginal of the maximum CO2 emission [€/tCO2]

File oT_Result_MarginalRESEnergy.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Area

Marginal of the minimum RES energy [€/MWh]

File oT_Result_MarginalIncrementalVariableCost.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Variable cost (fuel+O&M+emission) of the generators with power surplus, except the ESS [€/MWh]

File oT_Result_MarginalIncrementalGenerator.csv

Identifier

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator with power surplus, except the ESS, and with the lowest variable cost (fuel+O&M+emission)

File oT_Result_NetworkSRMC.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Node

Locational Short-Run Marginal Cost of electricity [€/MWh]

These marginal costs are obtained after fixing the binary and continuous investment decisions and the binary operation decisions to their optimal values. Remember that binary decisions are not affected by marginal changes.

File oT_Result_NetworkSRMCH2.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Node

Locational Short-Run Marginal Cost of H2 [€/kgH2]

These marginal costs are obtained after fixing the binary and continuous investment decisions and the binary operation decisions to their optimal values. Remember that binary decisions are not affected by marginal changes.

File oT_Result_NetworkSRMCHeat.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Node

Locational Short-Run Marginal Cost of heat [€/MWh]

These marginal costs are obtained after fixing the binary and continuous investment decisions and the binary operation decisions to their optimal values. Remember that binary decisions are not affected by marginal changes.

File oT_Result_MarginalEnergyValue.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Generator

Energy inflow value [€/MWh]

File oT_Result_MarginalOperatingReserveUp.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Area

Marginal of the upward operating reserve [€/MW]

File oT_Result_MarginalOperatingReserveDown.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Area

Marginal of the downward operating reserve [€/MW]

Operational flexibility

File oT_Result_FlexibilityDemand.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Demand

Demand variation w.r.t. its mean value [MW]

File oT_Result_FlexibilityPNS.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

PNS

Power not served variation w.r.t. its mean value [MW]

File oT_Result_FlexibilityTechnology.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

Technology variation w.r.t. its mean value [MW]

File oT_Result_FlexibilityTechnologyESS.csv

Identifier

Header

Description

Period

Scenario

Load level

Technology

ESS Technology variation w.r.t. its mean value [MW]